Nymphenburg porcelain dating marks

KPM, an acronym of Königliche Porzellan-Manufaktur Berlin, translates to "Royal Porcelain Factory in Berlin." KPM was founded in 1763 when Frederick II of Prussia, also known as Frederick the Great, bought the factory previously owned by a Berlin businessman, then renamed it and took over the staff.Frederick the Great was not only KPM's owner, but also often referred to himself as their best customer, as he placed many KPM orders for his palace.The Aluminia Faience factory date its history to the year 1862 founded by August Schittt (1834 - 1863).In 1868 Philip Schou took over the factory and moved the production to Frederiksberg.

This female figure from the commedia dell'arte has been published as Columbine,[1] the clever and promiscuous servant girl who was the most prominent of the female commedia dell'arte characters.

In 1882 he bought the Royal Copenhagen Porcelain Manufactory and the two companies merged to one.

The production of faience lived its own quite life in the shadow of the blooming interest for industrial production of porcelain at Royal Copenhagen.

Bustelli created sixteen Italian Comedy figures in the years 1759–60, but it is likely that his Harlequine and matching Harlequin were modeled as early as 1757, thus representing his first efforts in this genre.

Most of Bustelli's Comédie Italienne figures were created in pairs, with poses and gestures conceived as communication between the two characters, and the often somewhat exaggerated theatricality of an individual figure is explained when viewed with its mate.

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